Watershed management has evolved and passed through several developmental stages. Realising the importance of watershed management, great efforts have been made by the government in preparing implementation strategies and the technical institutions have also introduced the subject in their curriculum at senior undergraduate and postgraduate levels of civil and agricultural engineering. Since this is a multidisciplinary subject, it finds place in environmental science and forestry curriculum as well. The book, comprising of 16 chapters, provides comprehensive coverage of the subject. Covering the concepts and principles of watershed management, the book discusses watershed characteristics, causes of watershed deterioration, soil erosion and soil–water relationship, management of natural drainages in watershed, wasteland, landslide and land drainage management, arable and non-arable land, design flow and design storm and effect of watershed on the community. Chapters on flood routing through channels and reservoirs in watershed and flood damage mitigation management in watershed add further value to the book.