What the Reviewer’s say
“Engineering geology is the application of geological sciences to engineering practice for the purpose of assuring that the geological factors affecting the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are recognised and adequately provided for. The realm of the engineering geologist is essentially in the area of earth-structure interactions, or investigation of how the earth or earth processes impact human made structures and human activities.
Since civil engineers design structures that are built on, or in the ground, understanding how the ground behaves is fundamental to civil engineering design. Earth materials can pose significant problems that need to be predicted, planned and designed for. The importance of geology in construction projects such as large reservoirs, tunnels, cutting of slopes for roads and railway line, foundations for tall buildings need not be over emphasised.
However, it must be brought out that civil engineers find geology is useful in foundation engineering (assessment of soil conditions, construction materials engineering — quality of stones, lime, cement), Infrastructure engineering (location of bridges, tunnels, river meandering zones), disaster mitigation (seismic resistant structural design, flood control, river training, waterway of bridges), Land-use engineering (soil erosion control, natural drainage), water resources engineering (hydrogeology, source and quality of aquifer and water, desilting of reservoirs and navigation channels) and environmental engineering (ecological balance, solid waste management by landfill)….”
– Dr. Nainan P. Kurian, Retd. Professor of Civil Engineering, IIT Madras