National Mathematics Day – A Tribute to a Pioneer of Mathematics

An equation means nothing to me unless it expresses a thought of God
“Srinivasa Ramanujan”

National Mathematics Day is celebrated on 22 December every year to mark the birth anniversary of legendary Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan. The National Mathematics Day is celebrated to honour his contribution to the field of Mathematics and also to keep his legacy alive to inspire future mathematicians.

On 22 December 2012, the former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, paid tribute to Srinivasa Ramanujan at a function organised on the occasion of his 125th birth anniversary. He declared the year as National Mathematics Year. In 2011, the Government of India declared 22nd December as National Mathematics Day.

Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887-1920) was an Indian mathematician who made great and original contributions to many mathematical fields, including complex analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. His work has had a fundamental role in the development of modern mathematics.

Honors and Awards

  • 1918, Fellow of the Royal Society
  • 1918, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge University


Ramanujan died on April 26, 1920 in Kumbakonam, India, at the age of 32. His death was likely caused by an intestinal disease called hepatic amoebiasis.

Posthumous Recognition
  • 22nd December is celebrated as State IT Day in Tamil Nadu.
  • On his 75th birth anniversary, the Government of India released a stamp picturing Ramanujan.
  • Government Arts College, Kumbakonam (where he studied) and IIT Madras celebrate 22nd December as Ramanujan Day.
  • The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) has established the Srinivasa Ramanujan Prize in honour of the mathematics genius from India.
Srinivasa Ramanujan Medal

The Srinivasa Ramanujan Medal is awarded by the Indian National Science Academy for work in the mathematical sciences.


  • Full Name: Srinivasa Aiyangar Ramanujan
  • Parents’ Names: K. Srinivasa Aiyangar, Komalatammal
  • Born: December 22, 1887 
  • Birth Place: Erode, Tamil Nadu
  • Died: April 26, 1920 at age 32 
  • Death Place: Kumbakonam, Chennai

PHI’s Textbook On Mathematics

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With the motto of Helping Teachers to Teach and Students to Learn, PHI has published numerous textbooks for the students of Mathematics. 

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